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Connie asked:
Anyone know the causes of having a low placenta? and what is the negative effects of it? what can we do to adjust it?

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Arora Valley answered:
A low-lying placenta may be diagnosed during your mid-pregnancy ultrasound scan. If your placenta is significantly low, you’ll be offered an extra scan to check again, usually at about 32 weeks. In about half of cases, the late scan will show that the placenta has moved up, and out of the way. If the placenta is still lying low in your uterus it is called low-lying placenta or placenta praevia. Placenta praevia is associated with a higher rate of pregnancy complications, including separation of the placenta, bleeding and reduced growth for the baby, so additional monitoring will be offered to such women. If you have placenta praevia at the end of pregnancy, you may be advised to rest in bed due to risk of bleeding. A cesarean section may be recommended if the placenta is near or covering the cervix. You can't do anything to change the position of the placenta. But you can make sure that you stay healthy and well. Eat plenty of nutritious foods, particularly those that are rich in iron. This will reduce your chances of becoming anemic.

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Gurpreet answered:
In the majority of pregnancies, the placenta forms in the top half of the womb. In some cases, however, it forms in the lower half, so that it lies partly or completely over the cervix, blocking the baby’s way out of the womb. This is known as a low lying placenta (or placenta praevia).The main problem that a low lying placenta can cause is bright red bleeding from the vagina during the later stages of pregnancy. The bleeding may stop and start at first, and is painless. It happens because the lower part of your womb is starting to change shape and thin out in readiness for your baby to be born, but because the placenta can’t stretch in the same way, it peels away at the edges, which causes bleeding. At first, the bleeding is usually slight, but there’s a risk that it might become heavy at any time without warning. Heavy bleeding may be accompanied by signs of shock – paleness, sweating and an increased pulse. If you haven’t had a scan that has shown the position of your placenta and you experience this kind of bleeding, it may be an indication that the placenta is low lying. Another sign that you might have a low lying placenta is that your baby is lying in an awkward position in your womb – for example from side to side, or at an angle. Having a low lying placenta won’t in itself harm your baby. If it causes bleeding, the blood comes from the mother, not from the baby, although it’s occasionally possible that the baby might lose some blood too. Sometimes, however, if the bleeding is serious, it’s necessary to deliver the baby early.Unless the low lying placenta causes bleeding, there is nothing that needs to be done about it. However, if you have any bleeding at any time, consult your doctor immediately. If he or she suspects that the bleeding is due to a low lying placenta, you will be advised to have an ultrasound scan. If the diagnosis is confirmed by the scan, the treatment will depend on exactly where the placenta is lying, how many weeks pregnant you are, and how much bleeding you’ve had. accordingly he would advice for normal delivery or a c section.

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